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Foot and Ankel

Foot and Ankle surgery

Foot and ankle surgery is a sub-specialty surgery type of orthopedics section which deals with the treatment, diagnosis as well as prevention of any kind of disorders occurring in the foot and ankle.

Who should Consider Foot and Ankle Surgery ?

People suffering from below mentioned conditions need to get the treatment done:

  • Foot deformities
  • Diabetic foot disorders
  • Ligament fractures
  • Ankle injuries
  • Hammer toes
  • Bunion
  • Other trauma to the ankle and leg

Types of Foot and Ankle Surgery:

Though such surgeries take normally a day’s time but one needs to stay in the hospital for around 5 days. Following are the types:

Bunions

Bunions is   that condition which occurs because of the enlargement or overgrowth of the  big toe joint. It slowly  drifts away from the others in the reverse direction. When it rubs with the shoes, it becomes the cause of pain and irritation. This can be corrected through surgery.

Hammer Toes

The condition when the human toes become claw-shaped or are permanently bent, it is known as hammer toes. This can be corrected through a number of ways such as arthroplasty and arthrodesis . These surgeries take a span ranging from an hour to a day.

Metatarsal surgery

The joints in your forefoot are called metatarsal-phalangeal joints. They can get damaged by inflammation of the lining of the joint (synovitis) or can get dislocated when damaged by arthritis, causing irritation and pain. . If other treatments do not help, surgery is the only solution, depending on the severity of the problem.

Ankle arthritis

The cause of ankle arthritis is osteoarthritis where the cartilage covering the ends of the bones get roughed-up and gradually become thin. The bone below it thickens, causing rheumatic conditions. It becomes the cause of swelling, deformity and pain, which needs surgery for correction. There  are two options:

Ankle fusion

This process deals with removal of the damaged ankle joint and then fusing patient’s talus bone to his tibia for making a stiff and pain-free ankle. The foot is fused with the leg at a right angle where bones are put together with screws and new bone grows taking around 12–14 weeks

Ankle replacement

 This procedure deals with removal of the worn-out ends of the foot’s tibia and talus bones and their replacement with the artificial ends that might be made up of plastic or metal. This surgery takes around an hour or two and a patient gets well in 6 weeks. This replacement lasts for around 15 years and may need new joints.

Achilles tendon disorders 

 The largest tendon in a human body is the Achilles tendon, which  needs a lot of power for movement. With age, it starts wearing, leading to swelling and pain within the main tendon. Mostly the method of its treatment is surgery, performed in a day’s time and needing crutches later.

Morton’s neuroma 

 Morton’s neuroma is a painful condition that mainly creates a painful condition in nerves (third and fourth toes) that supply sensation to the two neighboring toes. If the problem is severe, surgery for removal  of the nerve is the solution which needs  you to wear a bandage for about 2 weeks afterwards.

Tibialis posterior dysfunction 

 Tibialis posterior, the muscle supporting the shape of the human’s instep arch and the tendon gets inflamed that results in swelling and pain on the inside of the ankle. This generally results in a flatfooted appearance. If the condition is worse, the only resort  is surgery for rebuilding the instep arch. The operation takes around 2 hours and takes around 8-12 weeks to get healed.

Benefits of Foot and Ankle surgery

  • Relief from pain
  • Restoration of joint function in patients
  • Getting rid of osteoarthritis, traumatic arthritis or rheumatoid arthritis
  • Ability to maintain movement in the joints
  • A more normal walking gait pattern
  • Protection of the  surrounding joints
  • A range of movement of ankle and foot

Cost of Foot and Ankle Surgery in India

 The costs  of any kind of surgery in the western countries like the USA and the UK is quite high. In comparison to this, the cost of foot and ankle surgery in India is quite pocket-friendly. The best part is that a patient can enjoy such affordable treatments from internationally trained doctors and surgeons who get the assistance of dedicated and professional staff/personnel. The technology used in top-most hospitals offering excellent personalized services is also the latest in the field.