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Hair Transplantation

Hair Transplantation

A hair transplant is a surgical procedure that involves the removal of hair follicles from any site of the body that has hair and replacing it with the hairless portion. It is done to restore hair density and also to induce hair growth in the affected area.

Why it’s done?

Hair transplant procedure is recommended for people suffering from chronic or hereditary baldness. Hereditary baldness is caused due to the genetic defect that runs in the family and is usually not curable. It is also advised for people who lose their hair due to an injury, scar or burn. For such people, hair transplant is recommended to restore the hair in the places where the hair has stopped growing.

Risks

Hair transplantation is generally considered safe, but risks include:

  • Infection
  • Bleeding and some scarring
  • Patchy hair growth
  • Unsuccessful grafts

How to prepare and what to expect ?

A visit to the dermatologist will help you decide the kind of hair transplant you wish to go for, depending upon several factors which will be studied by your doctor. He will also conduct a few physical examinations and would take some photographs to decide upon the procedure.

First, the surgeon cleans your scalp and injects medicine to numb the back of your head.Your doctor will choose one of two methods for the hair transplant:

  • Follicular unit strip surgery (FUSS)
  • Follicular unit extraction (FUE)

During the Surgery

With FUSS, the surgeon removes a 6- to 10-inch strip of skin from the back of your head. He sets it aside and sews the scalp closed. This area is immediately hidden by the hair around it.Next, the surgeon’s team divides the strip of removed scalp into 500 to 2,000 tiny grafts, each with an individual hair or just a few hairs.

If you’re getting the FUE procedure, the surgeon’s team will shave the back of your scalp. Then, the doctor will remove hair follicles one by one from there. The area heals with small dots, which your existing hair will cover. After that point, both procedures are the same. After he prepares the grafts, the surgeon cleans and numbs the area where the hair will go, creates holes or slits with a scalpel or needle, and delicately places each graft in one of the holes.

After the surgery

After the surgery, your scalp may be very tender. You may need to take pain medications for several days. Your surgeon will have you wear bandages over your scalp for at least a day or two. Most people are able to return to work 2 to 5 days after the operation.

First, the surgeon cleans your scalp and injects medicine to numb the back of your head.Your doctor will choose one of two methods for the hair transplant.

Results

Within 2 to 3 weeks after surgery, the transplanted hair will fall out, but you should start to notice new growth within a few months. Most people will see 60% of new hair growth after 6 to 9 months.