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Microdiscectomy Surgery in India

What is Microdiscectomy?

Microdiscectomy is usually performed on patients with a herniated lumbar disc. This creates a lot of pressure on spinal nerve column. Legpain is more effectively treated through this surgery than back pain. Leg pains are caused by compression of the root nerve. While the microdiscectomy surgery can take several weeks to heal completely and for weakness to disappear, the procedure does provide immediate relief from leg pain.

When is Microdiscectomy used?

If you are experiencing loss of bladder and bowel function, you may require immediate surgery. In most cases, disc ruptures slowly resolves itself without performing any surgical procedure. The purpose of microdiscectomy is to eliminate or decrease pain that has not improved after a reasonable amount of time. It is important to know that microdiscectomy is very helpful in relieving pain in legs and buttocks but cannot effectively be used to treat back pain.

Procedure of Microdiscectomy

The surgical procedure of microdiscectomy is performed on outpatient basis by making a small incision of about 1 to 1 ½ inch in the midline of the lower back.

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  • The first step is lifting back muscles from the bony arch of the spine known as lamina. These muscles are not cut but are moved out of the way as they run vertically along the spine.
  • The spine is entered by the surgeon through removal of a membrane over the nerve roots. An operating microscope or operating glasses are then used to visualize the nerve root.
  • In order to gain access to the nerve root and to ease pain over the nerve, the small part of the inside facet joint is removed.
  • Finally, the surgeon smoothly moves the nerve root to one side and removes the disc material from below the nerve root.

The procedure of microdiscectomy does not affect the mechanical structure of the patient’s lower spine.

Success Rate of Microdiscectomy

The surgical procedure of microdiscectomy is effective in providing about 85-95% relief from pain in the legs and buttocks. Patients usually feel immediate relief from pain but in some cases it can take up to 6-8 weeks for the nerve to heal.  The success rate is seldom 100% when the nerve has been pinched for long periods of time. While the success rate is low in this case, the mild tingling, pain or weakness is quite tolerable.

Recovery from Microdiscectomy Surgery

Patients who have undergone this surgery experiences significant relief from pain and can return to their daily activities within two weeks!