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Multi organ Transplant

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Multi Organ Transplant in India

What is Multi Organ transplant ?

The procedure where the organ is taken from another living being in order to replace the diseased organ by the healthy organ that functions properly. The transplanted organs are those organs that cannot be treated with the help of any medical drugs or with any kind of surgeries. The different organs that can be transplanted are kidneys, intestine, lungs, pancreas, heart and liver. The different tissue that can be both transplanted and donated are bone marrow, skin, heart, middle ear, tendons and the valves.

Which Human organs can be transplanted successfully?

Following organs can be transplanted :

  • Intestine
  • Heart and Lungs ( both can be transplanted simultaneously)
  • Liver
  • Lungs
  • Pancreas and Kidney (both can be transplanted simultaneously)
  • Kidney
  • Pancreas
  • Heart disease symptoms including angina, shortness of breath and palpitations.

Both logistical and medical characteristics are thoroughly measured for an organ so as to distribute it to the best matched recipient candidate. The matching criterion consists of:

  • The relative distance between the recipient and the donor
  • The size of the organs needed and blood type
  • The time spent awaiting the transplant

Factors to be considered before organ matching

  • It is important to know whether the recipient is an adult or a child
  • The medical urgency of the recipient
  • The degree of the immune system matches between the recipient and donor

Organ Donation Facts

  • Anyone above 18 years of age can become an organ donor
  • If the organ is donated after death, then a detailed medical assessment is done to decide which organ can be successfully donated.
  • The conditions that can exclude the organ donation are HIV, severe infections, kidney disease, heart disease and any type of Cancer

Organ Donors

Both living and brain dead can be organ donors. The person who received an injury either pathological or traumatic to that specific part of the brain that controls the process of breathing and heartbeat, the person is declared as brain dead. The brain dead person is suitable for organ donation.

Living Donor : A living donor could be a family member like parents, brother or sister. A living donor can donate renewable cells, fluid or tissues. The living donor can also donate small bowel, a partial donation of liver and a single kidney.

Deceased Donor (cadaveric) : These are those donors who are declared as brain dead and their organs are kept workable in ventilators till the time they can be used for transplantation.