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Overactive bladder (OAB)

Overactive bladder (OAB)

Overactive bladder (OAB) is a common condition that affects millions of Americans. Overactive bladder isn't a disease. It's the name of a group of urinary symptoms. The most common symptom of OAB is a sudden urge to urinate that you can't control. Some people will leak urine when they feel the urge. Leaking urine is called "incontinence." Having to go to the bathroom many times during the day and night is another symptom of OAB. More than 40% of people with overactive bladder have incontinence. While about 40% to 70% of urinary incontinence is due to overactive bladder. It is not life-threatening. Most people with the condition have problems for years.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS

  • Urge to urinate frequently
  • Loss of urine without meaning to urinate

CAUSES

Overactive bladder may result from:

  • Bladder cancer
  • Bladder inflammation
  • Bladder outlet obstruction
  • Bladder stones
  • Infection
  • Nervous system diseases (such as multiple sclerosis)
  • Nervous system injuries (such as spinal cord injury or stroke)

TREATMENT

The treatment of overactive bladder actually depends on the severity of symptoms and includes:

  • Medication
  • Diet
  • Bladder Retraining
  • Kegel Exercises
  • Biofeedback and electrical stimulation
  • Surgery

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