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Sinusitis

Sinus are hollow spaces filled with air behind the facial bones that lead to nose cavity. These Sinuses have mucous linings similar to nasal passage. This moist lining, traps dust and dirt from entering the nasal cavity. Maxillary Sinusitis is the inflammation of the paranasal sinuses caused by a virus, bacteria, or fungus. The infection can also result after an allergic reaction – when the immune system attacks the healthy body cells. This infection may be associated with both bacterial and fungal infections.

There are different types of sinusitis, including acute and mild sinusitis which also have a variety of different symptoms such as facial pain, high body temperature, toothache, fatigue, blocked nose, and more.

Symptoms

The symptoms of sinusitis are different from that of cough and cold. The common symptoms are facial pain or pressure, nasal congestion or discharge and reduced ability to smell. The pain is localized to blocked sinus. Other symptoms generally include:

  • Headeche
  • Bad Breath
  • Fatigue
  • Cough

Types

  

You may hear your doctor use these terms:

  • Acute sinusitis usually starts with coldlike symptoms such as a runny, stuffy nose and facial pain. It may start suddenly and last 2-4 weeks.
  • Subacute sinus inflammation usually lasts 4 to 12 weeks.
  • Chronic inflammation symptoms last 12 weeks or longer.
  • Recurrent sinusitis happens several times a year

Who Gets it?

  

Lots of people. About 35 million Americans have sinusitis at least once each year. It’s more likely if you have:

  • Swelling inside the nose like from a common cold
  • Blocked drainage ducts
  • Structural differences that narrow those ducts
  • Nasal polyps
  • Immune system deficiencies or medications that suppress the immune system

Causes

  

The sinus produces mucus lining which performs the function of smelling, protecting against dust, blocked nose, and more. Some of its most possible causes include

  • Common cold, or influenza flu
  • Viral infections
  • Bacterial infections.
  • Hay fever and other allergies.

Risks

  

The main risk factors include:

  • Infection.
  • Decreased sense of smell
  • Mucocele.
  • Infection of the surrounding structures.
  • Infections due to mucous obstruction.
  • Osteomyelitis.

Prevention

  

To prevent the occurrence of this disease, one should take care of the following things:

  • Taking antibiotic medication.
  • Taking immunotherapy such as allergy shots.
  • Avoid breathing dry air.
  • Reduce smoking

Treatment

  

If you have a simple sinus infection, your doctor may recommend you use a decongestant and saline nasal washes. You shouldn’t use an over-the-counter decongestant more than 3 days, though, because it can make you more congested.

If your doctor gives you antibiotics, you’ll probably take them for 10 to 14 days. The symptoms usually disappear with treatment.

Warm, moist air may help if you have chronic sinusitis. You can use a vaporizer, or you can inhale steam from a pan of warm water. Make sure the water isn't too hot.

There are some other things you can do yourself to help with chronic sinusitis:.

  • Warm compresses can ease pain in the nose and sinuses.
  • Saline nose drops are safe to use at home.
  • Over-the-counter decongestant drops or sprays can help. Don’t take them longer than recommended.