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Vascular Surgery

Vascular Surgery in India | Best Hospitals for Vascular Surgery India

Vascular Surgery in India

What is Cardiovascular Surgery ?

Vascular Surgery is a particular kind of surgery that deals with surgical interventions of arteries and veins. It also cures diseases of the vascular system and deals with treatment of the areas of dilatation of the blood vessel that can rupture if not treated.

Blockages of blood vessels treated by vascular surgeons if not treated causes lack of blood flow to the body, stroke and other serious complications. The treatment requires removal of the area of blockage, carotid endarterectomy or carotid stenting in which a tube is placed within the artery that allows blood flow.

Veins contain leaflet valves for preventing blood from flowing backwards When the veins become varicose (enlarged), they do not meet properly, and the valves do not work allowing the blood to flow backwards and they are enlarged even more.

Causes for Cardiovascular Disease

  i. Long hours of standing or sitting
  ii. Heredity
  iii. Female hormones, especially those of pregnancy
  iv. Discoloration near the affected veins (brownish-blue)
  v. Muscular compartment forces travelling through connecting veins, create higher pressure       in the superficial veins leading to the enlargement of the vessels.

Symptoms of Varicose veins

  i. Swelling in the ankles
  ii. Heavy legs, worsened at night
  iii. Appearance of spider veins (telangiectasia)
  iv. Discoloration near the affected veins (brownish-blue)
  v. Even small tale a long time to heal
  vi. Redness, dryness, and itchiness of areas of skin

Cardiovascular Surgery

One of the prime treatments of varicose veins is surgery. Another kind of supportive treatments can be medicines and graduated compression stockings and even elevating the legs can offer temporary relief. There are Sapheno-femoral junction ligation and vein stripping operation involves the removal of all or a part of the saphenous vein main trunk after skin incisions are given over the groin and leg.

Laser Cardiovascular Surgery

(A). Endovenous Laser Ablation

The main aim of this less invasive alternative is to provide proper thermal energy to the wall of the damaged vein for the produce of fibrosis and lastly disappearance of the vein. The process takes around 45 minutes on each leg. The process leaves less scars and minimizes pain too.

(B) Sclerotherapy

One of the most frequently followed non-surgical treatment for varicose veins where the medicine is injected into the veins to shrink them down. The procedure safe as well as effective.

Carotid Endarterectomy

Carotid endarterectomy (CEA) is a surgical process where fatty deposits that block one of the two carotid arteries, is removed. This process plaque from the artery of the patient, improving the blood flow. It is mainly performed in old age people.

Carotid Artery Disease

After an examination is done and the level of plaque is determined, duplex ultrasound is performed that makes use of painless sound waves for showing the blood vessels and measuring the speed of the blood flow. Following are the other tests:

  i. omputed tomographic angiogram (CTA)
  ii. Computed tomography (CT) scans of the brain
  iii. Angiography
  iv. Regular antiplatelet therapy
  v. Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA)

Postoperative care of Vascular Surgery

  i. Less consumption of saturated fat, cholesterol and calories
  ii. Regular Exercise, especially aerobic and walking
  iii. Avoidance of smoking
  iv. Regular antiplatelet therapy
  v. Maintain ideal body weight
  vi. Take medications for lowering cholesterol

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